Additional Tools for Employers to Encourage Retirement Savings
Matching Contributions on Student Debt Payments
One of the most eagerly anticipated provisions of the “SECURE 2.0” legislation is the ability for employers to “match” within a defined contribution savings plan employees’ payments of student debt. This provision is just one of the many changes in SECURE 2.0 aimed at enhancing and encouraging retirement savings opportunities for Americans.
In 2018, the IRS issued a Private Letter Ruling (PLR) to Abbott Laboratories approving a proposed amendment to its 401(k) plan to allow a matching contribution based on student debt repayments rather than employee deferrals to the plan. While binding only on the employer receiving it, the favorable ruling piqued interest in other employers looking for ways to recruit, retain and encourage retirement savings for an employee population that may not have otherwise deferred to the plan due to student debt obligations. Over the past few years, that interest has grown for many employers looking at creative benefits solutions, but a clear, compliant, and universally available path forward was lacking until now.
Under the new provisions of Internal Revenue Code Section 401(m)(4), any match must be based on student debt repayments for higher education expenses. Eligibility, match rate, and vesting also must be the same as that for the match on elective deferrals. The employee must annually certify that the loan payments have been made. Employers may rely on this self-certification.
From an administrative perspective, it is significant to note that the statute anticipates possible issues for nondiscrimination testing of elective contributions. A plan can test separately those employees who receive matching contributions on student loan repayments from those who receive matching contributions on elective deferrals. The amount of loan repayments made by the employee count towards the annual limit on elective deferrals under Code Section 402(g) but not as a contribution for the limit on annual additions under Code Section 415(c). These provisions of the Act have laid the framework to make the inclusion of such a provision less administratively burdensome.
This is an optional provision that plan sponsors can implement in 401(k), 403(b), Governmental 457(b), and SIMPLE IRA plans for plan years beginning on and after January 1, 2024. The IRS will issue implementing regulations and a model plan amendment for those plans wishing to adopt.
But Wait, There’s More! Financial Incentives
In the same spirit of encouraging participation in defined contribution savings plans, SECURE 2.0 also allows employers to provide limited financial incentives to encourage participation in a 401(k) or 403(b) plan. These incentives must be “de minimis,” although the statute does not define the threshold. This likely means modest-value gift cards and other small incentives to encourage employees to participate, but notably, incentives may not be paid for with plan assets. This tool is also optional and effective immediately, with no amendment to the plan required.
If you have any questions about these new plan design opportunities or SECURE 2.0 generally, please contact a Jackson Lewis employee benefits team member or the Jackson Lewis attorney with whom you regularly work.